beauty of Japanese language

Discovering the Beauty in Japanese Language: What Sets it Apart

The beauty in Japanese language lies in its uniqueness, which sets it apart from other languages. From the use of complex writing systems to the intricacies of formal language and cultural nuances, the beauty of the Japanese language is truly captivating. For those interested in exploring this language, understanding the roots of its uniqueness is important. 

Without further ado, let’s delve deeper into discovering the beauty in Japanese language and what makes it so alluring to learners and linguists alike.

The Beauty in Japanese Language: Taking a Deeper Look

Japanese is often considered one of the most straightforward and uncomplicated languages in the world. Its grammar is simple and easy to understand, and its writing system, while complex, follows strict rules that make it relatively easy to learn.


One of the reasons for this simplicity is that Japanese has a relatively small number of sounds, with only five vowel sounds and around 14 consonant sounds. This makes it easier for learners to master the correct pronunciation of words and phrases. These are essential for effective communication in any language.


Another factor that contributes to the simplicity of Japanese is its grammar. Japanese grammar is relatively straightforward, with a simple subject-object-verb sentence structure. Unlike many other languages, Japanese does not have articles or gendered nouns, and verb conjugation is generally consistent across all tenses.

Let’s compare Japanese to English. English is difficult for non-native English speakers because of its complexity. Certain words have many derivatives based on tense, quantity, and more. There are a total of 24 tenses! And the rules for converting a word to another tense vary a lot. “Mean” becomes “meant,” you add a ‘t,’ while “lean” becomes “leaned,” you add “-ed.” That is just the tip of the iceberg.

Regarding particles, the Japanese language allows you to omit them when conversing. In other words, you can shorten your sentences by a lot. But please note that you still have to include particles in written form. 

As you can see, the Japanese language is less concerned about composition rules. Instead, it is more focused on how messages are delivered emotionally. That’s one of the biggest factors behind the beauty of the Japanese language.

Writing and Reading

Japanese writing follows strict rules that make it easier for learners to understand and read. The two main writing systems are hiragana and katakana. They consist of simple characters representing syllables, each corresponding to a specific sound. You pronounce words based on how they are spelled. That’s far from being similar to English, where the pronunciation of certain words can change depending on the context.

Meanwhile, kanji, the third writing system, is more complex and consists of thousands of characters. There are strict rules for how these characters are used and pronounced, making it easier for learners to understand and memorize them.

The Japanese alphabets also contribute to the beauty of the Japanese language. The kanji symbols 魅 (rei) – a kind of pure, shining beauty – and 愛 (ai) – love – look aesthetically pleasing. And these are only two examples. 

Admittedly, Kanji are Chinese characters. But they play a huge part in the Japanese language. 

Hiragana and katakana are beautiful in their own way. Contrary to kanji’s complexity, they are simple and delicate. These two feature gentle curves and loops that give them a charming and whimsical quality.

Lyrical and Melodic Quality

As mentioned above, the pronunciation of the Japanese language is also a thing of beauty. The credits go to its relatively small number of sounds and precise enunciation. As a result, Japanese has a lyrical and melodic quality that can be captivating to the ear. Many Japanese words and phrases are also imbued with meaning beyond their literal translation, making them particularly poetic and expressive.

Metaphors and Symbolisms

The use of metaphor and symbolism is also a common feature of the Japanese language and culture. This can be seen in expressions such as “Hana yori dango” (literally, “dumplings rather than flowers”). It implies that practical considerations are more important than aesthetics. Similarly, haiku, a form of poetry that traditionally consists of just three lines and 17 syllables, is a testament to the Japanese love of brevity and beauty in language.

Beautiful Japanese Words without Translation

“Zen” is a word that often comes to mind when thinking about Japan. The beauty of the Japanese language reflects that. It has a number of words that have no direct translation. These are not just normal words but words that have beautiful meanings. Here are some examples:

  • Natsukashi – The English word “nostalgia” is the closest to its meaning. It is a word used by the Japanese every day. They say it when they remember beautiful memories because of something that warms the heart.
  •  Wabi-sabi – It is a Japanese aesthetic concept that embraces the beauty of imperfection, impermanence, and incompleteness. It is often described as an appreciation of the natural cycle of growth, decay, and death. Furthermore, wabi-sabi is a recognition of the beauty found in the flaws and blemishes of objects, people, and nature.
  • Omotenashi – is a Japanese term that refers to the spirit of selfless hospitality, service, and attention to detail. It is about anticipating the needs and desires of others and doing everything possible to ensure that they feel welcome, comfortable, and valued. This may involve offering a warm greeting, providing attentive service, or going above and beyond to meet the needs of guests or customers.
  • Itadakimasu – is the Japanese way of saying, “I humbly receive” or “I gratefully receive.” You say this phrase before you eat a meal. By doing so, you are thanking everyone – the farmers, fishermen, cooks, and others – who contributed to making the meal possible.
  • Hanafubuki – is a Japanese term that refers to a beautiful natural phenomenon that occurs in early spring. It’s when the wind blows cherry blossom petals off the trees, creating a flurry of pink and white petals resembling snow. Its closest translation is “flower petal blizzard/storm.”
  • Komorebi – describes the dappled light that filters through the leaves of trees or other foliage in the forest.

These are only some of the untranslatable Japanese words that have beautiful meanings. They add a lot to the beauty of the Japanese language.


The Japanese language is unique in many ways, and one of its most notable features is the use of Keigo. Keigo is a system of honorific language that expresses respect and deference towards others, and it plays a vital role in Japanese etiquette and culture. At its core, Keigo is a set of linguistic structures and expressions that are used to convey various politeness levels, depending on the social context and the relationship between the speaker and the listener.

Keigo has three main categories of politeness levels, including sonkeigo, kenjougo, and teineigo. Sonkeigo is used to show respect for someone of higher social status or rank, such as a teacher or boss. Kenjougo, on the other hand, is used to show respect for someone of lower social status or rank, such as a customer or junior colleague. Finally, teineigo is the neutral form of speech used in casual or informal situations.

The use of keigo can be seen in many aspects of Japanese communication. From business meetings to social interactions, the Japanese use it. Suppose you are addressing a superior or someone of higher status. It is common to use honorific titles such as “san” or “sama” after their name. The latter is used when you really respect or admire the person.

When making requests or giving orders, it is also important to use polite language and show deference to the person you are speaking to.

One of the most interesting aspects of keigo is the way in which it reflects Japanese cultural values and social hierarchy. In Japanese culture, there is a strong emphasis on respect for authority and hierarchy. And the use of keigo is a way of expressing this respect. Keigo also plays an important role in maintaining social harmony and avoiding conflict. That’s because it allows people to show respect and deference to each other formally and politely.

Overall, keigo is one of the key features that further enhance the beauty in Japanese language and set it apart from other languages. Its use reflects Japanese cultural values and social hierarchy. Furthermore, it is an important part of Japanese etiquette and communication. Understanding and using keigo correctly is essential for effective communication and building positive relationships with others. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced learner of Japanese, it applies.


The Japanese language has pronouns. However, they are rarely used. Why is that? 

One, the language places a strong emphasis on social hierarchy and politeness. Using pronouns in Japanese can be seen as impolite or overly direct. That is especially true when used with someone of higher social status or in a formal setting. 

Instead, Japanese speakers often use honorifics, such as adding suffixes to someone’s name. Alternatively, they are using respectful forms of verbs to indicate their relationship with the other person.

While personal pronouns are important in many languages, their use in Japanese is more nuanced. Moreover, it depends on the social context and relationship between speakers. Using alternative forms of address and honorific language is preferred. By doing so, Japanese speakers can convey respect and politeness without relying on pronouns.

Lots of people are studying Japanese. It’s not just because they find the language beautiful. That’s not enough motivation for a person to learn an entirely new language. There are several other reasons why the Japanese language is popular around the world. 

Economic Influence

Japan is a major economic power, and its businesses have a significant global presence. Many people study Japanese in order to do business with Japanese companies or work for Japanese employers. The number of opportunities you can open by it adds to the beauty of the Japanese language.

Pop Culture

 Japanese pop culture, including anime, manga, and video games, has gained a large following around the world. These media fans often study Japanese to better understand and appreciate them.


Japan is a popular tourist destination. Thus, many people learn Japanese in order to enhance their travel experience and communicate with locals. It improves the overall experience.

Cultural interest

Japan has a rich cultural heritage. Expectedly, many people are interested in learning the language in order to better understand Japanese art, literature, and history.

Educational Opportunities

Many universities around the world offer Japanese language courses, and some even offer degree programs in Japanese studies. Students who like to pursue careers in areas such as academia, international relations, or translation may choose to study Japanese as part of their education.

The Beauty of the English Language

While we have discovered the beauty in Japanese language, it’s important to acknowledge that there are other languages that also hold the quality of beauty including the language this article is focused on – English. Yes, it is more complex than other languages. But that complexity brings forth unique, beautiful characteristics that make it worth learning. 

Let’s talk about the charms of the English language.


English has an enormous vocabulary, with estimates ranging from 500,000 to over 1 million words. This extensive lexicon allows for a wide range of expression and nuance. And it does not stop there. English is constantly evolving and growing.


 English is a language that has absorbed words and phrases from various other languages, such as French, Latin, and Greek. This has resulted in a language that is incredibly flexible and adaptable, capable of expressing complex ideas and emotions with precision and clarity.

Rhythm and Melody

English has a natural rhythm and melody, with stresses and accents that give each sentence a unique cadence. This musical quality is a pleasure to hear and allows for a wide range of expression and emotion.


English is a language that allows for great expressiveness. That’s thanks to the rich array of synonyms, idioms, and phrasal verbs that can convey subtle shades of meaning and tone.


English has a long and rich literary tradition, with some of the greatest works of literature in the world written in English. From Shakespeare to Dickens to Toni Morrison, English has them all. English literature has captured the beauty and complexity of the human experience in ways that continue to inspire and move readers around the world.

“Universal Language”

English is the closest thing to a universal language that we have today. It is estimated that over 1.5 billion people worldwide speak English, with varying degrees of proficiency. Therefore, it is the most widely spoken language in the world. When two people from different countries meet, they turn to the English language to converse. That’s beautiful.

Small Similarities Between the Japanese and English Languages

Despite being very different languages with distinct grammatical structures and writing systems, Japanese and English have a few similarities. Here are some examples:

Verb tenses

Japanese does not have the same verb tenses as English. Yet, both languages use past, present, and future verb forms. In Japanese, verb tenses are often indicated by adding auxiliary verbs or particles to the end of the verb.


Admittedly, Japanese has a more complex system of pronouns that depends on social status and the relationship between speakers. Nevertheless, both the English language and the Japanese language use personal pronouns.

Word Order

It is true that Japanese and English have different word orders. But they both tend to follow a subject-verb-object structure in declarative sentences.


Both Japanese and English have borrowed words from other languages, such as French, German, and Latin. In Japanese, these loanwords are called “gairaigo.” Meanwhile, in English, they are called “borrowed words” or “loanwords.” Some examples of loanwords in both languages include “pizza,” “karaoke,” and “tsunami.”

English loanwords in Japanese

English loanwords have become increasingly common in Japanese, especially in the realm of popular culture and technology. Some examples include “computers,” “smartphones,” and “internet.”

Overall, Japanese and English are very different languages. But some similarities in vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure may interest language learners. And by the way, if you are also thinking about learning the latter, we encourage you to do so as well. Learn English online for free with Denwa Sensei!

The Beauty of Japanese Language: Conclusion

In conclusion, the beauty in Japanese language stems from various factors, making it a sought-after language to study despite not being as widely spoken as others. One of its alluring qualities is its simplicity, which gives it a melodic and lyrical quality when spoken. 

Additionally, the three different scripts used in Japanese calligraphy add to the language’s aesthetic appeal.

Another beautiful aspect of the Japanese language is its keigo, a set of rules for expressing politeness and humility.

These qualities are the reasons why people are drawn to studying the beauty in Japanese language. Indeed, it’s a testament to the fact that the beauty in this language is undeniable and worthy of appreciation.

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